Qualcomm Snapdragon 865 vs Kirin 990 vs Exynos 990

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We saw the first 5G phones in 2019, but 2020 will be the year when 5G devices really become mainstream in many markets , The newly announced Snapdragon 865 processor is expected to lead this charge, just as the Snapdragon 855 powered many 5G flagships earlier this year.

A chipset with more than 5G, system performance, multimedia, photography and many other factors to consider. In this sense, we compare the latest Qualcomm chipset with the Kirin 990 from Huawei and the Exynos 990 from Samsung.

[194590

-custom-specific Cortex-A77 at 2.85 GHz
3x semi-customer-specific Cortex-A77 at 2.4 GHz
4x semi-customer-specific Cortex-A55 at 1.8 GHz

[194590167-nm-EUV

Qualcomm Snapdragon 865 HiSilicon Kirin 990 5G Samsung Exynos 990
CPU Config 2x Cortex-A76 at 2.86 GHz
2x Cortex-A76 at 2.36 GHz
4x Cortex-A55 at 1.95 GHz
2x Mungo 5th generation
2x Cortex-A76
4x Cortex-A55
GPU Adreno 650 Mali-G76 MP16 Mali-G77 MP11
AI / DSP Hexagon 698 Da Vinci NPU Dual-Core NPU
Process 7nm EUV 7-nm-EUV
camera support 200M P snapshots / 64MP individually / 64MP and 64MP double 64MP 108MP single / 24.8MP and 24.8MP double
video recording 8K @ 30fps
4K UHD @ 120fps
720p @ 960fps
4K UHD @ 60fps 8K @ 30fps
4K UHD @ 609015
Laden Schnellladen 4+
Schnellladen AI
Huawei SuperCharge Adaptive Schnellladen
Modem X55 5G & RF system (external)
7500 Mbit / s down
3000 Mbit / s up
SA / NSA
mmWave
Sub-6GHz
Balong 5000 [1 9459014] 4G / 5G (integrated)
2300 Mbit / s down
1250 Mbit / s up
SA / NSA
Sub-6GHz
Exynos Modem 5123 (external)
7350 Mbps down
N / A up
SA / NSA
mmWave
Sub-6 GHz

CPU performance is clear that all three brands offer similar approaches. Qualcomm, Huawei and Samsung have introduced heavy, medium and light CPU cores. Theoretically, this enables a better balance between performance and efficiency for a specific task.

Qualcomm is the only company that uses Arm's newest and best Cortex-A77 CPU core (as a heavy and medium core). In the meantime, Samsung is using the fifth generation Mongoose cores for heavy duty and Cortex-A76 cores for medium duty tasks. The Huawei Kirin 990 uses Cortex-A76 cores as heavy and medium CPU cores and instead increases the clock speed compared to the Kirin 980. All three are equipped with four Cortex-A55 CPU cores for light tasks.

Read: Arm Cortex-A77 – Everything you need to know

Arm offers according to Cortex-A77 a performance increase of up to 20% compared to the Cortex-A76 identical clock rates. However, Huawei argued that the Cortex-A77 consumes more power than the Cortex-A76 for the same performance. We don't know much about the fifth-generation mongoose cores used in the Exynos 990, but Samsung claims they do a 20 percent improvement over the Exynos 9820's heavyweight core.

The Exynos 9820 actually delivered better single-core benchmarks than the Snapdragon 855. If both Arm and Samsung achieve 20% more for their new CPUs, this suggests that Samsung is still the nose could have up front. On the other hand, Samsung's Achilles heel throttled due to the heat and fell below the performance of the Qualcomm chipsets.

Otherwise, Qualcomm and Samsung are both promoting LPDDR5-RAM, while Huawei is ahead of the pack with LPDDR4X. All three support UFS 3.0 storage for faster read and write speeds.

Qualcomm Snapdragon 865 against Kirin 990 against Exynos 990: graphic

Qualcomm's flagship Snapdragon processors typically deliver fantastic GPU performance Adreno 650 looks great on paper. The Snapdragon 865 GPU in the Snapdragon 855 offers a performance increase of up to 25% compared to the Adreno 640.

In July Qualcomm also launched the Snapdragon 855 Plus, which has 15% better graphics performance than the vanilla model proved 855 (and is fairly close to this number in benchmarks). The real comparison could be between the Snapdragon 855 Plus and the 865, and we likely see a difference of about 10% in favor of the Snapdragon 865.

Samsung and Huawei traditionally use Arm’s Mali GPU Cores in their chipsets, and the Exynos 990 and Kirin 990 are no different. The Exynos 990 uses a brand new Mali-G77 MP11 GPU. Huawei sticks to the Mali G76 GPU of the Kirin 980 and Exynos 982x series, but with 16 cores.

Based on previous benchmarks, Qualcomm is expected to maintain its graphic lead over Huawei.

According to Samsung, with the Mali-G77 MP11 we can expect a 20% increase in performance over the Mali-G76, which means that the Korean company can afford to use fewer cores to achieve the same level of performance to reach. In fact, it uses one core less than the Mali-G76 seen on the Galaxy Note 10's Exynos 9825 chipset.

However, Huawei was forced to increase the number of cores on its older Mali-G76 GPU to remain competitive (from 10 to 16 cores). We have to wait for the Exynos 990 benchmarks to find out if this strategy worked for Huawei. For what it's worth, the Huawei also uses a lower GPU clock speed, which should theoretically result in a lower thermal slowdown.

We already compared the Snapdragon 855 and 855 Plus with the Kirin 990 in Graphical Benchmarks, so what about taking it with you? The latest chipset from Huawei was developed for the Snapdragon 855, but falls behind the Snapdragon 855 Plus. And if the Snapdragon 865 makes further progress, the 865 is expected to play a pioneering role in the gaming sector.

A major innovation at Qualcomm is the ability to update GPU drivers through the Play Store. This opens the door for more frequent GPU driver updates, as Qualcomm and OEMs don't have to wait for network operator approval to push them out. Frequently updated GPU drivers are also a boon for niche applications such as emulation (e.g. the Dolphin emulator). This could further consolidate Qualcomm's position as the preferred chipset provider for gaming phones and mobile gamers in general.

An excellent GPU is also important, since screens with a high refresh rate are in demand and Samsung occupies the top position at 120 Hz Qualcomm reaches a massive 144 Hz for Quad HD + screens. There is no word on the Kirin 990's maximum refresh rate.

Connectivity

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In other words, users in regions with mmWave 5G networks are likely to be connected to a Samsung or Qualcomm want to hold a capable phone to ensure compatibility.

Absolute According to Qualcomm, the downlink speed reaches 7.5 Gbit / s and the uplink speed 3 Gbit / s, while the Samsung Exynos 990 reaches a downlink speed of 7.35 Gbit / s ( no uplink speeds were determined). According to Huawei, the Kirin 990 is able to bring 2.3 Gbps down and 1.3 Gbps up, which is far less than the flagship SoCs of the competition (at least as far as the downlink is concerned).

Actual results show that you can expect much slower speeds due to a variety of factors, but it looks like the Qualcomm and Samsung chips have the theoretical speed advantage for now.

Camera and Multimedia

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Huawei did not stop either with two large NPUs and a small NPU in the Kirin 990 5G (and one each in the 4G version). Huawei claims a 1.88-fold improvement over the Kirin 980 NPU design and a 24-fold increase in energy efficiency for tasks like unlocking the face.

Huawei doesn't seem to have released the Kirin 990's TOPS performance, but a third-party AI benchmark website ranks them second with 52,403 points (behind the MediaTek Dimensity 1000). The fifth Snapdragon 855 Plus scored a score of 24,652 for what it's worth.

It should be noted that AI performance is still quite difficult to quantify due to the different approaches to silicon and the variety of workloads.

Snapdragon 865 vs Kirin 990 vs Exynos 990: Which one looks better on paper?

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